Sebaldus Church Sebalduskirche. Some sources indicate that Pachelbel also studied with Georg Caspar Wecker , organist of the same church and an important composer of the Nuremberg school, but this is now considered unlikely. He received his primary education in St. Lorenz Hauptschule and the Auditorio Aegediano in Nuremberg, then on 29 June , he became a student at the University of Altdorf , where he was also appointed organist of St.
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Sebaldus Church Sebalduskirche. Some sources indicate that Pachelbel also studied with Georg Caspar Wecker , organist of the same church and an important composer of the Nuremberg school, but this is now considered unlikely. He received his primary education in St.
Lorenz Hauptschule and the Auditorio Aegediano in Nuremberg, then on 29 June , he became a student at the University of Altdorf , where he was also appointed organist of St.
Lorenz church the same year. Financial difficulties forced Pachelbel to leave the university after less than a year. In order to complete his studies, he became a scholarship student, in , at the Gymnasium Poeticum at Regensburg. Pachelbel was also permitted to study music outside the Gymnasium. Since the latter was greatly influenced by Italian composers such as Giacomo Carissimi , it is likely through Prentz that Pachelbel started developing an interest in contemporary Italian music, and Catholic church music in general.
At the time, Vienna was the center of the vast Habsburg empire and had much cultural importance; its tastes in music were predominantly Italian. Several renowned cosmopolitan composers worked there, many of them contributing to the exchange of musical traditions in Europe.
In particular, Johann Jakob Froberger served as court organist in Vienna until  and was succeeded by Alessandro Poglietti. Pachelbel spent five years in Vienna, absorbing the music of Catholic composers from southern Germany and Italy. In some respects, Pachelbel is similar to Haydn , who too served as a professional musician of the Stephansdom in his youth and as such was exposed to music of the leading composers of the time. He met members of the Bach family in Eisenach which was the home city of J.
Predigerkirche , the Erfurt church, where Pachelbel worked for 12 years, starting in In June , Pachelbel was employed as organist of the Predigerkirche in Erfurt , succeeding Johann Effler c. Trinitatis church Trinitatiskirche in Sondershausen. Pachelbel married twice during his stay in Erfurt. Unfortunately, both Barbara and their only son died in October during a plague. Ten months later, Pachelbel married Judith Drommer Trummert , daughter of a coppersmith ,  on 24 August They had five sons and two daughters.
Two of the sons, Wilhelm Hieronymus Pachelbel and Charles Theodore Pachelbel , also became organ composers; the latter moved to the American colonies in Another son, Johann Michael, became an instrument maker in Nuremberg and traveled as far as London and Jamaica.
That job was better, but, unfortunately, he lived there only two years before fleeing the French attacks of the War of the Grand Alliance. When former pupil Johann Christoph Bach married in October , the Bach family celebrated the marriage on 23 October in Ohrdruf , and invited him and other composers to provide the music; he probably attended—if so, it was the only time Johann Sebastian Bach , then nine years old, met Johann Pachelbel.
Meanwhile, in Nuremberg, when the St. Sebaldus Church organist Georg Caspar Wecker and his possible former teacher died on 20 April , the city authorities were so anxious to appoint Pachelbel then a famous Nuremberger to the position that they officially invited him to assume it without holding the usual job examination or inviting applications from prominent organists from lesser churches.
He accepted, was released from Gotha in , and arrived in Nuremberg in summer, with the city council paying his per diem expenses. Though most influenced by Italian and southern German composers, he knew the northern German school, because he dedicated the Hexachordum Apollinis to Dieterich Buxtehude.
Also composed in the final years were Italian-influenced concertato Vespers and a set of more than ninety Magnificat fugues.
Johann Pachelbel died at the age of 52, in early March , and was buried on 9 March; Mattheson cites either 3 March or 7 March as the death date, yet it is unlikely that the corpse was allowed to linger unburied as long as six days. Contemporary custom was to bury the dead on the third or fourth post-mortem day; so, either 6 or 7 March is a likelier death date.
Rochus Cemetery. Posthumous influence[ edit ] One of the last middle Baroque composers, Pachelbel did not have any considerable influence on most of the famous late Baroque composers, such as George Frideric Handel , Domenico Scarlatti or Georg Philipp Telemann. However, he did influence Johann Sebastian Bach indirectly; the young Johann Sebastian was tutored by his older brother Johann Christoph Bach , who studied with Pachelbel, but although J.
The latter became one of the first European composers to take up residence in the American colonies and so Pachelbel influenced, although indirectly and only to a certain degree, the American church music of the era. Strings and piano Problems playing this file? See media help. Its visibility was increased by its choice as the theme music for the film Ordinary People in
Magnificat (Pachelbel, Charles Theodore)
Magnificat in D (Johann Pachelbel)
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