His father, Simon Attali, is a self-educated person who achieved success in perfumery "Bib et Bab" shop in Algiers. On 11 February , his mother gave birth to his sister, Fabienne. In , two years after the beginning of the Algerian independence war — , his father decided to move to Paris with his family. Michel Serres was among the jury of his Ph.
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His father, Simon Attali, is a self-educated person who achieved success in perfumery "Bib et Bab" shop in Algiers. On 11 February , his mother gave birth to his sister, Fabienne.
In , two years after the beginning of the Algerian independence war — , his father decided to move to Paris with his family. Michel Serres was among the jury of his Ph. In , when he was 27, he became a member of the Council of State. His directed his political campaign for the presidential elections in He then became his main chief of staff in the opposition. From this moment on, Jacques Attali wrote notes every evening for the attention of the French President, which dealt with economics, culture, politics, or the last book he read.
The President also entrusted him with the role of "sherpa" personal representative of a head of State for the European and G7 summits. In , he pleaded for "economic rigour".
As "sherpa" of Mitterrand during 10 years, he organised the Versailles G7 summit in and the G7 Summit of the Arch in He took an active part in the organization of the celebrations for the bicentenary of the French Revolution on July, 14th In and , he was asked by then President Nicolas Sarkozy to chair a bipartisan commission aiming at proposing reforms to foster French economic growth. His ideas inspired some of the provisions of the law proposed by Emmanuel Macron , Minister of Economy.
On 7 April , in Washington, D. In January , he initiated a vast international plan of action against the disastrous flooding in Bangladesh. He had initiated the idea of this institution in June , before the fall of the Berlin Wall , in order to support the reconstruction of Eastern European countries. Under his leadership, the EBRD promoted investments which aimed at protecting nuclear power plants, protecting the environment and, more generally, developing infrastructure, reinforcing private sector competitiveness and support transition to democracy.
By doing so, he compelled the heads of State of the G7, who were attending a summit in this town, to receive the Soviet head of State. After a stormy phone call between Jacques Attali and John Major, the British press started to criticize Attali and spread suspicions about his management of the institution.
Uncontested details of the management of the EBRD — including of inefficiency and profligacy — were shocking. Indeed, when Attali left the EBRD voluntarily the board of governors gave him final discharge for the management of the institution. However, his reputation never recovered. The Herald Tribune even published, on the front page, an article claiming wrongly that President Mitterrand had asked for the book to be withdrawn from sale.
In , Attali founded Positive Planet, a non-profit organization which is active in more than 80 countries, employing over staff, and provides funding, technical assistance and advisory services to 10, microfinance players and stakeholders. Positive Planet is also active in France empoverished suburbs. In Attali was subject to investigations on the charges of "concealment of company assets which have been misused and influence peddling".
He thinks the regulation of the economy by a global financial supervisory institution may be a solution to the financial crisis which started The financial institution is a first step towards the establishment of a democratic world government , of which the European Union can be a laboratory.
He also presides over the supervisory board of Slate. He is the author of the book Bruits English: Noise: The Political Economy of Music , an essay which deals with the economy of music and the importance of music in the evolution of our societies.
Since , he directs the Grenoble University orchestra, open to amateurs, under Patrick Souillot. Reflections on growth and positive economics[ edit ] Commission for the Liberation of French Growth, known as "Attali Commission"[ edit ] On 24 July , Nicolas Sarkozy appointed Jacques Attali to chair a bipartisan commission charged with studying "the bottlenecks that constrain growth".
It was composed of 42 members, freely appointed by Attali, mostly liberals and social democrats. Its unanimous report was handed over to the President on 23 January It contained various recommendations to radically transform the French economy and society in order to unlock economic growth. The aim of this report was to put an end to the short-termism, to move from an individualistic economy based on the short-term to an economy based on public interest and the interest of future generations, to organize the transition from an old model based on the wealth economy to a model in which economic agents will have other obligations than profit maximization.
This report, written by a wide-ranging commission, proposed 44 reforms. It is probably difficult to find a common thread in his work. All of his essays revolve around the daunting task of describing the future from a long-term analysis of the past.
His work reveals a distinct vision of history and its successive stages, which are simultaneously ideological, technological and geopolitical. Furthermore, his work entails depicting the slow transformation of humanity into an artifact in which man becomes an object to escape death, and the geopolitical evolution toward chaos that accompanies such transformation; meanwhile, man is also waiting for an awakening leading to a new global governance, a sanctification of the essential makeup of mankind, taking into account the interest of future generations, and not letting prostheses invade it.
In Les trois mondes, in , he announced the shift of the centre of power around the Pacific. In Histoires du temps, he announced the rapid pace of history and the growing immediacy of relationships. In Amours, he announced the emergence of poly-romantic relationships.
The focus of his biographical publishing is on retelling the lives of characters who disrupted world history by the strength of their ideas: Warburg, Pascal, Marx, Gandhi, Diderot, and all those for whom he wrote a short biography in Phares, such as Averroes, Aristotle, Maimonides, Thomas Aquinas, Giordano Bruno, Darwin. More recently, he has chosen to combine crime novels with dystopia, imagining a reappearing police chief, whilst the action takes place in a near future period.
Distraction from the misery of life through the sacrifice of a god. The alienation of life made bearable by a promise of eternity. Main idea: Music is both a mirror and a prophecy. Music is both a mirror and a prophecy. It is a mirror, for its organization resembles the current organization of our society: music is "a repository of. Nor is Attali addressing the specific way that a nation is politically organized, such as the way that the British political system differs from the American system. He means organization of the most general sort: the way that feudalism differs from advanced capitalism.
Noise: The Political Economy of Music
A Noise: The Political Economy of Music is a book by French economist and scholar Jacques Attali concerning the role of music in the political economy. For Marxist critics, this idea is nothing new. Sacrificing refers to the pre-history of modern music—the period of purely oral tradition. In historical terms, this period could be dated to anytime before about AD. This is the period before mass-produced, notated music—a period when the musical tradition exists solely in the memory of people, generally in the form of oral songs and folktales. Here, Attali characterizes music as being contrasted to the "noise" of nature—of death, chaos and destruction. In other words, music stands in contrast to all of those natural forces that threaten man and his cultural heritage.