Twitter Tumblr Eadweard James Muybridge was an English photographer important for his pioneering work in photographic studies of motion and in motion-picture projection. He adopted the name Eadweard Muybridge, believing it to be the original Anglo-Saxon form of his name. He immigrated to the United States as a young man but remained obscure until , when his large photographs of Yosemite Valley, California, made him world famous. Muybridge is known for his pioneering work on animal locomotion in and , which used multiple cameras to capture motion in stop-action photographs, and his zoopraxiscope, a device for projecting motion pictures that pre-dated the flexible perforated film strip used in cinematography. In his earlier years in San Francisco, Muybridge had become known for his landscape photography, particularly of the Yosemite Valley. In the s, Muybridge entered a very productive period at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, producing over , images of animals and humans in motion, capturing what the human eye could not distinguish as separate movements.
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Muybridge Images in Digital Image Collection Eadweard Muybridge carried out the photography for his Animal Locomotion plates on the University of Pennsylvania campus with the support of the University. The English-born Muybridge was known as a landscape photographer in the American West, when, in he came to the attention of Leland Stanford, head of the Union Pacific Railroad and one-time Governor of California.
While he continued to produce panoramic landscape shots, such as a series of photographs of San Francisco taken in for Mrs. Leland Stanford, Muybridge now focused on the study of animals in motion, a new venture in the field of science and photography.
Role of the University of Pennsylvania During the early s, as Muybridge traveled widely in the United State and abroad to give lectures on motion photography, he came to the attention of several prominent Philadelphians.
Fairman Rogers, c. Philadelphia, with such industries as Baldwin Locomotive, was a national leader in manufacturing as well as home to a wealth of scientific institutions such as the Academy of Natural Sciences established , the Franklin Institute , the Wagner Free Institute of Science , and the Philadelphia Zoo opened Lippincott to discuss bringing Muybridge and his work to Philadelphia.
Barker, Professor of Physics Lewis M. Haupt , professor of Civil Engineering William D. Muybridge also had indoor space in Biological Hall, located a bit further west on Pine Street. The purchasing of photography equipment was done through the Secretary of the University, Rev. Jesse Y. After Muybridge finished his work, some of the equipment was sold by the University, but some pieces remain in the University Archives.
Eadweard Muybridge Collections
Collotype image. Muybridge and Stanford were close acquaintances at the beginning of this partnership. Many believe elements of this story were concocted for press and the public. Here, separate instantaneous images of motion were displayed in a grid illustrating consecutive phases of movement.
Child Without Legs. However, he did not focus on the human body until his contract at Pennsylvania University began in May , resulting in two volumes of work dedicated to photographs of human subjects. This extensive work depicted men, women and children variously running, jumping, falling and carrying out athletic or mundane activities. However, it also depicts, and perhaps helps consolidate a specifically American set of contemporary aspirations and ideals surrounding identity at Pennsylvania University. But this hierarchy was not only produced through the negative representation of non-western people.
Each plate in the series shows the same subject in sequential phases of one action. Muybridge recorded varied forms of movement in a wide range of animals, mostly taken at Philadelphia zoo, from pigeons in flight to the subtleties of gait found in sloths, camels and capybaras. Muybridge also documented human subjects walking, running and descending staircases and engaging in boxing, fencing, weight lifting and wrestling. Born in in Kingston upon Thames, London, Muybridge emigrated to America as a young man and worked as a bookseller. After being injured in a runaway stagecoach crash in Texas he returned to the UK for a five-year period where it is thought he took up photography. Upon his return to America, he quickly established a successful career as a landscape photographer, producing dramatic views of both Yosemite and San Francisco.
Muybridge. The Human and Animal Locomotion Photographs
He adopted the name Eadweard Muybridge, believing it to be the original Anglo-Saxon form of his name. He immigrated to the United States as a young man but remained obscure until , when his large photographs of Yosemite Valley, California , made him world famous. His first efforts were unsuccessful because his camera lacked a fast shutter. Although he was acquitted, he found it expedient to travel for a number of years in Mexico and Central America, making publicity photographs for the Union Pacific Railroad , a company owned by Stanford.