Praise be to Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the Prophet Mohammad S. In this article, we present a brief-biography of the third caliph Uthman ibn Affan R. He was born in Makkah on the sixth year of Amul-Fil the year of the Elephant. He was about five years younger than the Prophet S. His father died before Islam i-e pre-Islamic period.
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Praise be to Allah, and prayers and peace be upon the Prophet Mohammad S. In this article, we present a brief-biography of the third caliph Uthman ibn Affan R. He was born in Makkah on the sixth year of Amul-Fil the year of the Elephant. He was about five years younger than the Prophet S. His father died before Islam i-e pre-Islamic period. The Prophet S. He was one of the ten given the tiding of Paradise and one of the Companions who compiled the Quran.
Uthman R. His Physical Appearance: He was neither short nor tall with broad shoulder and thick hair on his head. He had a long beard and was good looking. It is said that he was the most handsome of the people. He was of high status, very wealthy, extremely modest, and eloquent in speech. His people loved him dearly and respected him. He never prostrated to any idol and had never committed any immoral action even before Islam.
He also did not drink alcohol before Islam. He was well versed in the knowledge of lineages, proverbs and the history of important-events. He travelled to Syria and Ethiopia and mixed with non-Arab people, learning things about their lives and customs that no one else knew. He took care of the business that he had inherited from his father and his wealth grew. He was regarded as one of the men of Banu Umayyah clan who were held in high esteem by all of Quraish.
Thus, Uthman R. His Conversion to Islam: Uthman R. He was the fourth man to embrace Islam after Abu Bakr R. Some Muslims later joined them as migrants. All emigrant Muslims found safety, security and freedom of worship in Abyssinia. When there was rumor that the people of Makkah had become Muslims, news of that reached the emigrants in Abyssinia, so they came back but when drew close to Makkah, they heard that the news was false.
Nevertheless, all emigrants entered the city. Among those who returned was Uthman R. Him staying Close to Prophet S. I made the two early migrations and I became the son-in-law of the Messenger of Allah S. They said: So we learned the Quran and knowledge and its application together. Hence they would spend a while to memorize a surah.
Holy Quran. His Migration to Medinah: Uthman R. Upon arrival, Uthman R. A stayed with Abu Talha ibn Thabit R. After the Prophet Mohammad S. He was also present at every major event except Battle of Badr. When she breathed her last breaths, she was longing to see her Father S. She departed this life but she did not get to see her Father S. Her grieving husband, Uthman R. After returning victories from the Battle of Badr, Messenger S. His Marriage to Umm Kulthoom R.
As per sources, her real name was Umayyah and she was older than Fatima R. As narrated by Abu Hurairah R. After three days of their marriage, Prophet Mohammad S. Prophet S. He used his wealth in obedience of Allah. He always first to do good and spent and he did not fear poverty. Among the many examples of his spending are the following: 1. When the Prophet S. He spent a huge amount on equipping the Muslim army for the campaign of Tabook. Him during Caliphate of Abu Bakr R.
In fact, Uthman R. On his deathbed, Abu Bakr Siddiq R. During the caliphate of Umar R. During Umar R. A and Talhah R. Majority of the people favored the election of Uthman R. On the fourth day after the death of Umar R. When the oath of allegiance was sworn to Uthman R.
Following are some highlights of his accomplishments during the tenure of his Caliphate Khilafat : Conquest: The most important works of Uthman R.
Hudhaifah R. So Hudhaifah R. So Hafsah R. Sedition: At the end of his reign and due to the expansion of Islamic conquests and the presence of recent Muslims who did not absorb the spirit of order and obedience, enemies of Islam, led by Jews, started to foment civil strife to undermine the unity of Muslims and their state.
They raise suspicions about the policy of Uthman R. They deceived their followers to implement their plan and met the caliph and asked him to give up. But when he saw some of the Companions R. Then the conspirators broke into his house from the back from the house of Abu Hazm Al-Ansari and attacked him as he was reading the Holy Quran. His wife Naila R. The rebels killed him R.
May Allah have mercy on Uthman ibn Affan R.
The Biography Of Uthman Ibn Affan (R) â Dhun-Noorayn.pdf
Donate Uthman ibn Affan was the third of the "rightly guided" caliphs. Uthman was born into the wealthy Umayyad clan of the Quraish tribe in Mecca , a few years after Muhammad. Unlike most of his kinsmen though, he was an early convert to Islam , and was also part of the first Muslim emigration to Abyssinia, and the later emigration from Mecca to Medina. Uthman became caliph after the assassination of Omar in He reigned for 12 years, and during his rule, all of Iran , most of North Africa, the Caucuses and Cyprus were added to the Islamic empire. In order to strengthen his control over the empire, Uthman appointed many of his kinsmen to governor positions.
ʿUthmān ibn ʿAffān
Consequently, this more independent policy allowed more expansion until Sindh, in modern Pakistan , which had not been touched during the tenure of Umar. He succeeded his elder brother Yazid ibn Abi Sufyan , who died in a plague, along with Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah , the governor before him, and 25, other people. Consequently, the morale of Byzantine army started crumbling and soon they were routed. Spain had first been invaded some sixty years earlier during the caliphate of Uthman. Other prominent Muslim historians , like Ibn Kathir ,  have quoted the same narration. They succeeded in conquering the coastal areas of Al-Andalus.
Othmân ibn Affân