Mostly destroyed is slightly left intact. Tol Morwen which was a remnant of Brethil. Tol Fuin formerly all or part of Dorthonion. Tol Himring formerly the highlands where Maedhros had his fortress. A few other unnamed islands.
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Mostly destroyed is slightly left intact. Tol Morwen which was a remnant of Brethil. Tol Fuin formerly all or part of Dorthonion.
Tol Himring formerly the highlands where Maedhros had his fortress. A few other unnamed islands. Another widespread misinterpretation of the story is that the War of Wrath was composed of a single battle. The war itself lasted for many years, from First Age year of the Sun to That is a period of 42 years.
The war began with the arrival of the Host of Valinor in the ships of the Teleri. There is a text which says that the cities of Brithombar and Eglarest were seized they had been inhabited by Orcs since just after the Nirnaeth in FA year of the Sun Presumably part or all of the Host invaded Hithlum, where many Edain had been enslaved.
We know that the Edain joined the Host of Valinor. Elrond and Elros also joined the Host of Valinor. This war, after all, occurred over a thousand years before the Elves of Eregion made the Rings of Power so they had no great artifacts that might have enhanced their power of which we know.
Hence, it was not the power of Elves and Men that destroyed much of Beleriand. That leaves only the greater power of other forces Tolkien mentioned.
For example, Morgoth was still served by some Balrogs — who were fallen Maiar — and he unleashed the winged dragons at the very end. Could the dragons, led by Ancalagon the Black, have been powerful enough to destroy mountains? Smaug may have not intended to destroy the Lonely Mountain but he certainly wrecked havoc on the lands around the mountain. So presumably Morgoth had some forces under his command that were capable of churning up the landscape.
So Ancalagon was most likely much larger and more powerful than Smaug. Should it have required 42 years to do that? And should the landscape have been torn up in the process?
The reader is left to infer what happened but a reasonable inference is that there were some very powerful combatants on both sides who would have engaged in extended exchanges of power. These exchanges of power could have included ripping up hills and mountains, opening great rifts in the earth as is suggested by the various texts.
Supported by the wingless dragons and perhaps other monsters Morgoth had bred, these Umaiar would have had some power to resist even the Valar — and because Morgoth had diffused much of his own power throughout Arda, especially in Beleriand, he would have been able to assist his servants. Morgoth himself might therefore have made it possible for even his lesser servants to uproot vast tracts of land.
I suggest, therefore, that the War of Wrath was fought on at least two, perhaps three levels. The first level would be that of which Elves and Men and Dwarves were capable of waging war. Their armies would have moved across the landscape and fought with the armies of Orcs and Trolls and Easterlings. These monsters might have faced both the most powerful Elves and the lesser Maiar. The Valar might have had to make strategic moves against these foes, who in turn might have used the land against them and to impede the movement of the Host of Valinor and its allies.
Progress in the war must have been slow because the Valar would not have wanted to trample innocent lives. They may have held back just enough to ensure that the Elves, Men, and Dwarves who followed them were not inadvertently harmed by the great exchanges of power. Thus, in the aftermath of earthquakes, landsides, and fissure eruptions the Valar and Maiar may have had to calm things down to ensure that their lesser companions could survive and advance. And that supposition offers an explanation for why some parts of Beleriand survived.
The greater destruction of Beleriand itself may have been more a post-battle consequence of the unleashing of great forces, too.
That is, after any given combat was decided — in which the earth itself was used as either a barrier or a weapon — the land may have continued to reel from aftershocks and other natural disasters.
It would be like fighting in a mine field with no way out. The strategy of waging such a war would have to allow for the creation of refuges, the strengthening of such refuges, and for contingency actions such as withdrawing endangered forces and non-combatants such as women and children to safer regions.
In fact, the idea of the Teleri just sitting around their ships for 40 years has always bothered me. They could certainly have helped move refugees from Hithlum to either Balar or Ossiriand.
Of course, this is all speculation. Tolkien probably felt that the War of Wrath was too great an event to be described in detail. The legendary character of the conflict would have been diminished by mere mortal words. There would have been moments of great horror, times of widespread suffering and distress.
And there would have been great deeds worthy of songs for the ages. But none of the details were remembered by the Elves of Middle-earth because they did not participate in the war — and the Numenoreans fell into rebellion, so that most of their records and heirlooms were eventually lost. Hence, the War of Wrath remains too distant and remote to be properly documented. And that is probably just as well for those who wish to write fan fiction or gaming adventures set in that timeframe.
Combined map of Middle earth and Beleriand
Description A map of Beleriand, The Place which many of the events of the silmarillion take place. This map is made primarily form two different sources, one of which of course is the map of beleriand found in the silmarillion. This source was karen-wynn fonstads map of beleriand, which does include angband and a portion of Dor Daedelos. However, becuase of this, None of the regions north of Anfauglith should be considered Canonical, even in the strict sense of karen-wynn fonsatds work. The reason for this is because I only adopted the shape of the Land from the atlas of middle earth. The borders of everything in dor daedelos with the obvious excepetion of Angband were just made up by me. Everything south of anfuaglith is canonical though.
Map of Beleriand during the First Age - J.R.R. Tolkien
Properly Beleriand does not refer to the Northlands such as Anfauglith , or the eastern lands of Thargelion ; Nevrast and Dorthonion are "grey areas" . However the term Beleriand is sometimes used collectivelly in fandom to include all those submerged lands. In , Charles Noad  made an attempt to reconstruct a general map of Beleriand and Eriador. Ten years later, Ronald E. Kyrmse  independently proposed his own map reconstruction, aligning the isle of Himling with the hill of Himring.
How Was Beleriand Destroyed in the War of Wrath?
Geography[ edit ] Originally, the name belonged only to the area around the Bay of Balar, but in time, the name was applied to the entire land. Beleriand was originally inhabited by Elves , and later also by Men and Dwarves. To the west and south it had a long shore with the Great Sea Belegaer , to the north were the highland regions of Hithlum , Dorthonion and the hills of Himring , to the east the Ered Luin reached nearly to the sea. The land of Nevrast in the northwest was sometimes considered part of Beleriand. Crossing it east to west was a series of hills and a sudden drop in elevation known as Andram, the Long Wall.
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Place in Arda Summary The land that formed the frontier of the seas to the west of Middle-earth ; its history is recounted in The Silmarillion. Originally, its name referred only to the area around the Bay of Balar , but in time the name was also applied to the entire land. The War of Wrath at the end of the First Age brought the destruction of the entire continent except Lindon , and its descent into the sea. Contents [ show ] Geography To the west and south, Beleriand had a long coast with the Great Sea Belegaer ; to the north were the highland regions of Hithlum , Dorthonion , and the hills of Himring ; to the east the Blue Mountains reached nearly to the sea. The land of Nevrast in the north-west was sometimes considered part of Beleriand.