ASTURICA AUGUSTA PDF

Current location in asturicz text. The result of all this is the current Roman Route, a pioneering experience in Spain in terms of archaeological actions. Serapis, Isis, Tyche, Nemesis, and Kore; and occidental deities: Archived from the original on Log in to get trip asturia and message other travelers. Enter a Perseus citation to go to another section or work. Own or manage this property? Artifacts such as tube and double ring axes were located in Astorga and are significant to an Atlantic cultural complex from the Bronze Aaturica period c.

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Cathedral of Astorga. The timeline of Galician history that includes Astorga has artifactual evidence stretching back over , years, predating the Paleolithic. The scientific study of these remains provide priceless information about the appearance and the way these humans lived. Tin artifacts dated to c. Artifacts such as tube and double ring axes were located in Astorga and are significant to an Atlantic cultural complex from the Bronze Age period c.

Astorga, in the Iron Age , came under the cultural influence of the Celts ; the local Celtic peoples inhabited the area around BC, known as the Astures and the Cantabri.

Later become one of the Roman strongholds in the region they called Asturica. This castra was strategically placed between the Jerga and Tuerto rivers.

The castra was important because of Astures revolutions 22 BC and proximity to gold mines of Las Medulas. From this time, Gallaic fighters joined the Roman legions , to serve as far away as Dacia and Britain. The final extinction of Celtic resistance was the aim of the violent and ruthless Cantabrian Wars fought under the Emperor Augustus from 28 to 19 BC. The walls of the town were built at the time of Ancient Rome.

Ruins of Roman baths are still visible today. A provincial capital, and the meeting-place of four military roads. It was conceived and built as a trade route for the exploitation of gold. The Roman causeway allowed the Romans to conquer tribes such as the Callaici, the Astures, and the Vacceos.

Asturica was the main city in northwest Spain during the Roman Empire. Plinius Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander called the city Urbs magnifica "magnificent city". The title of Bishop of Astorga is one of the oldest religious charges of Europe.

During the waves of invasion of the peninsula by the Germanic tribes , one bishop was the noted Turibio. He documented the conversion of the Suebic King Remismund to Arianism, and worked to restore the churches destroyed by the Visigoths. Because Romans had control of the city, Christianity became very popular in this area during the early church.

There is a legend that Santiago and St. Paul both preached in Astorga and there is proof that there was a bishopric around the 3rd century. The distance was insurmountable in the 5th century. Germanic tribes, the Visigoths, took control over Astorga and destroyed the Roman city. However, it prospered with the help of Saints Toribio , Fructuoso, and Valerio.

Astorga suffered from decadence until the 11th century, when the city became a major stop on the French route for the pilgrims to the tomb of Saint James in Santiago de Compostela. Construction of the cathedral began in the 15th century and finished in the late 18th century.

Jews were living in the fortified section of Astorga as early as the 11th century. Later they inhabited two quarters in the city.

A street called the Garden Paseo of the Synagogue formerly ran beside the old city wall. Many Jews in Astorga were forcibly converted to Christianity in — Although there is no record of the fate of the Jews of Astorga during the massacres, they suffered in the persecutions of At the synod held in Valladolid in , the Astorga community claimed privileges exempting them from payment of crown taxes.

The community existed until the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in Jews established their trades in the city. To this day, Astorga is the home of value-adding and special products. In the museum of chocolate in Astorga, 16th-century hot chocolate mugs are displayed.

Astorga is the European birthplace of chocolate. One sees Astorga chocolate all over the region. The Marquisate of Astorga, the Diocese and the Maragato muleteers made Astorga a pioneer in the elaboration of chocolate from the 17th century.

In there were 49 chocolate manufacturers in town. The European Union designated them an historically and geographically significant part of Spanish cuisine. References indicating that the recipe originated with a nun from the Holy Spirit Convent in Astorga, who later left the convent and popularized the product.

A high percentage of the product is sold to tourists along with the well known Hojaldres de Astorga puff pastry of Astorga.

Astorga was the farthest town in the Iberian Peninsula in which the Emperor Napoleon resided. Astorga was located on the flank of the French invasion of Spain and Portugal, and was meant to be used as a headquarters during the campaign. Because of its location, Astorga was a place for pilgrims to rest and get ready to climb the mountains in the west or to rejuvenate after climbing east. Astorga had 21 hospices. Today, there is the Hospital de las Hermana de la Caridad which is a medical facility in front of the cathedral that was built after the destruction of the 12th-century hospital that was consequently destroyed in Camino de Santiago "St.

This has been the third-largest pilgrimage in Christianity for more than 1, years, and it comprises a stop in Astorga. During the second half of the 19th century, Astorga enjoys the arrival of the railway and development of the current city, which expands outside its Roman walls.

Astorga is again a significant network of road connections, and it recovers the social and economical vibrancy, which has tourism as one of its main focal points.

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