Se impone el clasicismo porque se publica la obra llamada: "Medidas de romano". Su autor es Alonso de Covarrubias. La fachada muestra gran horizontalidad, con tres cuerpos, que rematan en balaustrada. El patio es muy bello, con columnas y arcos de medio punto.
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Features[ edit ] The Herrerian architecture, or Herrerian style is characterized by its geometric rigor, the mathematical relation between the various architectural features, the clean volumes, the dominance of the wall over the span and the almost total absence of decoration, which is why in time was called estilo desornamentado "unornamented style.
The Herrerian buildings are noted for its severe horizontality, achieved through the balance of forms, preferably cubic, which are arranged symmetrically in the structure. Usually have wooden roofs covered with slate in the exterior and side towers, tipped with pointed toes pyramidal spire, which introduce an element of verticality, while helping to reinforce the sense of grandeur and elevation. At other cases, not looking both the horizontal and the bulkiness, which is reached through the geometrical design of the various architectural elements.
This is the case of the model used in the construction of parish churches, with great facades, quadrangular towers and heavy buttresses. It is, in most cases, works of great size, imposing in its environment and impress with its austere and monumental air. In regard to decorative applications, these reduce the use of basic geometric shapes such as spheres and pyramids.
From a sociological standpoint, this sobriety is a response to Protestantism , in line with the guidelines set by the Council of Trent — Historical development[ edit ] The Herrerian style was the official architecture of the Habsburgs , from the reign of Philip II.
The sociopolitical impact meant the construction of the Monastery of El Escorial — facilitated its expansion. To this contributed also the fact that Juan de Herrera was appointed in Inspector of Monuments of the Crown.
The style spread first through the comarcas of Madrid of the Sierra de Guadarrama , located within the catchment area of the Monastery of El Escorial, through two ways: works directly funded by the Royal Family and those promoted by the Guadarraman municipalities.
The first category covers infrastructure such as the Puente Nuevo , in Galapagar , and buildings for private use by Philip II, as the Casa Veleta, also in the same town, and the Real Aposento de Torrelodones both disappeared were built for comfort the movements of the King from Madrid to El Escorial. The Royal Family also approved the granting of benefits to those municipalities to proceed with the renovation of its main public and religious buildings.
The result of this measure is the currently Herrerian aspect of the parish churches of Valdemorillo and Navalagamella , both of medieval origin. The Herrerian style quickly spread throughout Spain and America. Led to the adoption of the emerging Herrerian style by the emerging Baroque architecture trends of the time and the establishment of a palatial architecture model, which was repeated throughout the 17th century.
The influence of Herrerian style is also visible in the expansion that, separately, had its distinctive spire pyramidal or "madrilian spire", with slate roofs. This item was adopted by many constructions after to 16th and 17th century, mainly in the bell towers and domes of the churches, and in many civil constructions.
The 18th and 19th century meant the decline of this architectural movement. In the 20th century came to pick up, during the dictatorship of Francisco Franco.
The Plaza de la Moncloa, in Madrid, chaired by Air Force headquarters, among many large constructions of the time, symbolizes the resurgence of Herrerian architecture.
¿Qué es el Estilo Herreriano en la Arquitectura?